Fire characteristics and preventive measures of th

2022-08-19
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Fire characteristics and preventive measures of gas stations

gas stations and liquefied gas stations are places with high fire risks. Gas stations mainly refer to places where gasoline and light diesel are added to various vehicles. Liquefied gas stations are places that supply liquefied gas fuel to the society. Liquefied gas is widely used as a fuel in society, and its supply is more and more extensive. With the deepening of China's economic system reform, some gas stations and liquefied gas stations have been privatized or some individuals have begun to operate this business, which makes the management of gas stations and liquefied gas stations more and more complex. And make these places have greater fire risk

at present, many people become ventilation stations by opening a small door. The site selection of these facades does not meet the requirements of relevant specifications. Some ventilation stations are located near the market, some may be located in residential buildings, and some may even be located in their own homes. This has caused great fire and explosion hazards

the Fire Department of the Ministry of public security made statistics for gas station fires. Statistics show that the fire in gas stations in China is on the decline. This is a gratifying phenomenon. This shows that the relevant departments of our country have recognized the fire risk of gas stations, and their treatment has achieved initial results. The specific statistics are as follows: in 1998, 421 fires occurred in gas stations, causing 52 deaths and 356 injuries, and direct property losses of 16.768 million yuan. By 2002, the number of gas station fires had decreased to 212, causing 20 deaths and 118 injuries, with direct property losses of 5.116 million yuan

gasoline, coal gas, liquefied petroleum gas, etc. are flammable and explosive substances. Care must be taken during the transportation, use and storage of these substances, otherwise it is easy to cause fire and explosion accidents. At 23:20 on March 14, 2002, a fire broke out in the west gas station of Majiang County oil company in ma'anjing well, Xingshan Town, Majiang County, Southeast Guizhou, burning 80 square meters of the building and causing a direct property loss of 895000 yuan. The fire was caused by an unlicensed Beijing Jeep crashing into a 90 gasoline tanker at a gas station. Longteng and HSBC are steel rolling enterprises. At 0:28 on June 27 of the same year, a fire broke out at the Maochang gas station, Jiaotong Road, Maochang Town, Dafang County, Bijie Prefecture, Guizhou Province. Four households were affected, three people were killed, one person was slightly injured, 240 square meters of buildings were burned, and the direct property loss was 76000 yuan. After investigation, the fire occurred when the driver of Liupanshui Tieqiang company drove an oil tanker with a tank of 8.6 tons of gasoline to the Maochang gas station in Maochang Town, Dafang County, and then exploded and burned

gas station 2. Most of the oil products with general knowledge of the installation of relaxation testing machine are gasoline. Gasoline is an organic substance. It will burn when exposed to fire, heat and oxidant. At the same time, gasoline is volatile. If the mixed gas formed by the mixture of gasoline volatile gas and air reaches a certain concentration, once it meets the fire source, it is easy to explode. In addition, because gasoline is a liquid, once it leaks, it is easy to flow around. In case of fire, it is easy to form flowing fire, which will expand the fire and affect adjacent buildings or vehicles. Gasoline also has the ability of electrification, which is easy to generate static electricity during its filling, transportation and flow. The electric spark generated by static electricity is easy to ignite gasoline, causing fire or explosion

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